Ladder / Ranking Explanation: Each player has ladder points, which turns into a ranking. The ladded points system is very similar to chess' ELO rating. In short, when battling an opponent of same strength, you lose or win 16 points. You win more against a superior opponent and less against an inferior opponent. The number of points the winner wins is the same as the number the loser loses. So when you battle an opponent say, like 400 points under you in the ladder, don't expect much points if any. Anyway, at the beginning of the battle, is told the number of points you can win / lose. That system is cool, cuz even taking in account the luck, points lost are quickly gained back if there lies your real level. After all, against an opponent of same strength, one win = one loss. PS: For the 6 first battles, the amount of points won / lost vary much more. Rated / Unrated Battles: Battles change your ladder points only if they are rated. A battle is rated if: You have Ladder Points enabled (Options -> Enable Ladder) Your opponent has Ladder Points enabled You and your opponent are in the same tier Challenge Cup is not enabled (except for Challenge Cup tier) Also, if the server ticks the corresponding options, a battle can be unrated if: You and your opponent have the same IP The opponent is registered in the last X IP you've fought for the last few hours, where X is a number the server choses You can see if the battle is rated at the top of the battle chat. A safe way to always have rated battles is go in "Find Battles" and tick "Force Rated Battles". That way, even if you have ladder disabled, the battle will still be rated. And you will always be matched against players who have ladder enabled and are in the same tier as you. If a player ragequits or simply forfeits, it still counts as a loss for him and a win for you.